Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the most appropriate options.
In the affluent,, industrialized nations giant surpluses of what, maize, and sorghum are commonplace; cattle, swine, and poultry are fed and fattened on cereal grains; meat, milk, eggs, fruits, and vegetables are within the economic reach of most of the population; well-balanced diets are more or less automatically achieved, and cereal products constitute only a modest portion of the ‘daily bread’. Consequently, most of the people in such societies have difficulty in comprehending and appreciating the vital significance of providing high-yielding strains of wheat, rice, maize, sorghum and millet for the people of the developing nations. Understandably then, the majority of the urbanites in the industrialized nations have forgotten the significance of the words they learned as youngsters. ‘ Give us this day our daily bread.’ They know that food comes from the supermarket, but only a few see beyond the necessary investments, the toils, struggle, and frustrations on the farms and ranches that provide their daily bread. Since the urbanites have lost their contact with the soil, they take food for granted and fail to appreciate the tremendous efficiency of their farmers and ranchers, who, although constituting only five percent of the labour force in a country such as the United States, produce more than enough food for their nation.
Even worse urbanites often vociferously criticize their government for attempting to bring to balance the agricultural production of its farmers with the domestic and foreign market demands for farm products, and attempting thereby to provide the consumer and abundant food supply at reasonable cost and also to assure a reasonable return to the farmer and ranchers.
1. How do they benefit from such a use?
(A) The soil gets enriched
(B) The surplus does not get wasted
(C) The country earns goodwill.
(D) Their citizens get balanced diets
2. People in the developed nations eat very little of :
(A) Meat products
(B) Milk products
(C) Fruits and vegetables
3. _______ do not play a great role in providing food to the dining tables in developed nations.
(C) Farm labourers
(D) Agricultural machines
4. How do the rich countries use most of their surplus wheat and maize?
(A) They export them to help the developing countries
(B) They feed their cattle and poultry.
(C) They give them free to the poor people.
(D) They burn them in the fields